Healthy nibbles

PEANUT

PEANUT

DID YOU KNOW?
Peanuts, also known as groundnuts, are an annual leguminous herb native to South America. From there, they are thought to have been brought to Africa by missionaries and pioneers, and from Africa to America by slave traders.1
Peanuts grow in tropical and subtropical climates and are cultivated in over one hundred countries across all five continents.2 They are widely cultivated for their high quality edible oil as well as for their use for human consumption and fodder. Nowadays, the major producers of peanuts are China, India, United States, Nigeria, Argentina and Indonesia.
BENEFITS
Nutrients
Peanuts are high in fiber, vitamin B6, vitamin E (α-tocopherol), niacin and minerals such as magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, copper and manganese. They are also a source of protein, pantothenic acid and minerals (zinc and selenium).3,4
Protein and Niacin
Of all nuts, peanuts contain the highest amount of protein (24.35 g/100 g) and niacin, also known as vitamin B3 (14.35 mg/100 g).
Cerebrovascular and cognitive function
Peanuts contain bioactive nutrients beneficial to vascular function. High-oleic peanut supplementation has the potential to optimize circulatory function in the brain and to enhance cognitive function, according to a 2016 study.5
FUN FACTS
Contrary to what many people believe, peanuts are not a tree nut but a legume. Peanuts contain properties of both beans/lentils and tree nuts.6
PEANUT
Alan Shepard, commander of Apollo 14, took one peanut with him to the moon in 1971.7
References:

1)    Klijn J. W. 2012. Nuts and dried fruit. 3rd Edition. pp. 60-67. ISBN 978-90-78206-70-5.
2)    Mohan, M., & Nigam, S. N. (2013). Principles and practices for groundnut seed production in India. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh (India).
3)    USDA Food Composition Databases. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28 slightly revised May, 2016: https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.
4)    Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:32006R1924&from=en
5)    Barbour, J. A., Howe, P. R., Buckley, J. D., Bryan, J., & Coates, A. M. (2016). Cerebrovascular and cognitive benefits of high-oleic peanut consumption in healthy overweight middle-aged adults. Nutritional Neuroscience, 1-8.
6)    American Peanut Council. http://www.peanutsusa.com/about-peanuts/the-peanut-industry3/1-fast-facts-about-peanuts.html/
7)    Nelson V.J. (2008). Obituaries: Jay Fiondella. Chez Jay's flamboyant owner turned it into a haven for stars. Los Angeles Time. Nov 13.

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