Healthy nibbles

PECAN

PECAN

DID YOU KNOW?
Pecan nuts are native to the Mississippi river basin. Long before the arrival of Europeans to the New World, the pecan served to enrich the diet of the tribes in the central and southern regions of the United States. The United States and Mexico are by far the largest producers of pecans, accounting for 92% of world production, followed by South Africa and Australia.
It takes between 180 and 210 days to mature a pecan nut.1 Overall, the nut size is determined in the first half of the season, while the kernel develops in the latter half.2 Pecan trees are successfully grown in a wide range of climates3 and can reach between 45 and 55 metres. They have a deep root system to seek out water for survival during times of drought.
Pecans are marketed in shell or shelled and can be eaten raw or roasted. They are used as a snack, salad topping, in chicken and fish dishes, as well as in the baked goods, confectionary and dairy industry and in chocolate and ice cream. PECAN
BENEFITS
Nutrients
The pecan nut is high in fiber, thiamin and minerals such as magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper and manganese. It is also is a source of vitamin B6, iron and potassium.4,5
Antioxidants
Pecans are one of the richest plant sources of total polyphenol antioxidants.
FUN FACTS
George Washington frequently carried pecans in his pockets and Thomas Jefferson dedicated part of his time to their cultivation.6
PECAN
PECAN Texas adopted the pecan tree as its state tree in 1919.7
References:

1 )    Reid, R. L. (Ed.). (2013). The manual of Australian agriculture. Elsevier.
2)    Growth and Development of Pecan Nuts. New Mexico State University. Guide H-618 (2005): http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_h/H618.pdf.
3)    Sparks, D. (2005). Adaptability of pecan as a species. HortScience, 40(5), 1175-1189.
4)    USDA Food Composition Databases. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28 slightly revised May, 2016: https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.
5)    Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:32006R1924&from=en.
6)    Rosengarten Jr, F. (2004). The book of edible nuts. Courier Corporation.
7)    National Pecan Shellers Association: http://www.ilovepecans.org/pecans-101/fun-facts-about-pecans/p?mobile=1.