Healthy nibbles

PISTACHIO

PISTACHIO

DID YOU KNOW?
780.000
years of history
Originating from West-central Asia, the pistachio is one of the “oldest” edible nuts on earth. The earliest evidence of the existence of pistachios was found in the archeological site Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, in the Dead Sea Rift of Israel, with 780.000 years of history.1 In Syria, pistachios have been collected since 10,000 BC.
The main producing countries are the USA, Iran, Turkey, Syria and Afghanistan. They are usually marketed in their in shell form, roasted and salted, but they can also be purchased shelled. They are mainly eaten as snack and in confectionery.
BENEFITS
Nutrients
The pistachio has a delicious flavor and a high nutrition value, being high in fiber, thiamin and vitamin B6, and minerals such as phosphorus, potassium, copper and manganese. It is also a source of protein, riboflavin, vitamin A, E and K, as well as other minerals such as iron, magnesium, zinc and selenium.2,3
Cardiovascular health
A 2016 study observed an association between the consumption of pistachios and the reduction of blood levels of cholesterol, specifically LDL “bad” cholesterol and triglycerides.4
Diabetes
In addition, recent research has found that daily pistachio consumption may also improve some cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with well-controlled type 2 diabetes.5
Vitamin A
Of all nuts, pistachios contain the highest amount of vitamin A (266 IU/100 g).
FUN FACTS
PISTACHIO
Symbol of happiness
The Queen of Sheba loved pistachios, which were considered the symbol of happiness.
References:

1)    Goren-Inbar, N., Feibel, C. S., Verosub, K. L., Melamed, Y., Kislev, M. E., Tchernov, E., & Saragusti, I. (2000). Pleistocene milestones on the out-of-Africa corridor at Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel. Science, 289(5481), 944-947.
2)    USDA Food Composition Databases. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28 slightly revised May, 2016: https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.
3)    Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:32006R1924&from=en.
4)    Lippi, G., Cervellin, G., & Mattiuzzi, C. (2016). More pistachio nuts for improving the blood lipid profile. Systematic review of epidemiological evidence. Acta Bio Medica Atenei Parmensis, 87(1), 5-12.
5)    Sauder, K. A., McCrea, C. E., Ulbrecht, J. S., Kris-Etherton, P. M., & West, S. G. (2015). Effects of pistachios on the lipid/lipoprotein profile, glycemic control, inflammation, and endothelial function in type 2 diabetes: A randomized trial. Metabolism, 64(11), 1521-1529.

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